1923 Barcelona – 2012 Barcelona
The Catalan Antoni Tàpies was the most important representative of Spanish art informel and belongs to a generation of artists that electrified international art with entirely new impulses in the 1950s and 1960s. After his early surrealist works in the mid-1950s, the self-taught Tàpies, similarly to many of his contemporaries, underwent a profound break in creativity and created works that he advanced with new stylistic changes, while at the same time consistently following his chosen goal until his death in 2012. He introduced sand, cement, marble dust, and glue to his painting technique. He scraped the paint and applied it again until the surface resembled a cracked wall.