1887 Hannover – 1948 Kendal/UK
Kurt Schwitters is the son of a wealthy businessman. After finishing school, he studies for one year at the school of arts and crafts in Hanover, and following, he attends the Academy of Arts in Dresden until 1914. During World War I he is dismissed after a short time because of his epilepsy and his tendency to depressions, but until the end of 1918 he is obligated to labour as a technical draughtsman in an ironwork. In the same year he has his first exhibition at the gallery Der Sturm in Berlin, showing his first “MERZ-Bild (picture)”. The name “MERZ” is created by using a lettering with the word “Kommerz”, which Schwitters cuts up in his collage.