1887 Ljosna/Belarus – 1985 Saint-Paul-de-Vence/France
Born as Moishe Segal in Belarus, Marc Chagall receives his first painting lessons from a local Jewish painter. In his early twenties he moves to St. Petersburg, where he is taught at the Swanseva School by the famous painter, set and costume designer Leo Bakst. Thanks to a scholarship, Chagall is able to travel to Paris in 1910, setting up his own art studio there. He comes into contact with Robert Delaunay, Guillaume Apollinaire, and Fernand Léger and with the style of Cubism. In 1914 Herwarth Walden, through the intercession of Apollinaire’s, organises Chagall’s first solo exhibition at his Berlin gallery Der Sturm, which Chagall regards as a chance for an international breakthrough.