1884 Leipzig – 1950 New York
At the age of 16, against the will of his family, Max Beckmann began the study of painting at the progressive Grand Ducal Art School in Weimar. After stays in Paris and Geneva, he settled in Berlin in 1904, where he joined the Secession. In 1906, thanks to a scholarship, he worked in the Villa Romana in Florence, took part in the exhibition of the Berlin Secession in Weimar, received the honorary award of the German Association of Artists and married Minna Tube. As an advocate of German Impressionism, he co-founded the Free Secession in 1913. During the First World War, Beckmann was a volunteer medical aide, but was released early after a mental breakdown. The artist processed the war experiences in an expressionist and at the same time time-critical style of expression.